What is the difference between gmake and make?

Refer to: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1194957/what-is-the-difference-between-gmake-and-make

‘gmake’ refers specifically to GNU make. ‘make’ refers to the system’s default make implementation; on most Linux distros this is GNU make, but on other unixes, it could refer to some other implementation of make, such as BSD make, or the make implementations of various commercial unixes.

The language accepted by GNU make is a superset of the one supported by the traditional make utility.

By using ‘gmake’ specifically you can use GNU make extensions without worrying about them being misinterpreted by some other make implementation.

Difference between Cmake, gnu make and manually compiling

Refer to: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/25221869/difference-between-cmake-gnu-make-and-manually-compiling

Cmake is a “project generator”. It doesn’t actually build any object files etc.; what it does is generate the control files for other tools (such as GNU make) which will build object files, etc.

The advantage of using cmake instead of writing the makefile directly is that, using the same cmake input file, cmake can generate project files for all sorts of different build control tools: in addition to makefiles it can generate Xcode (Mac OS X) project files, Microsoft Visual Studio project files, and control files for other tools like Ninja. If you’re writing software that needs to be built on lots of different platforms then cmake is often a good choice.

For your situation, it goes like this: cmake generates a set of makefiles (only). You typically only do this once when you have a clean workspace. Then you run make which uses those makefiles to invoke the compiler as needed, when various files change. The makefiles also have rules to re-run cmake itself if any of the cmake input files change.

Linux下的tar压缩解压缩命令详解

来自:http://www.cnblogs.com/qq78292959/archive/2011/07/06/2099427.html

tar

-c: 建立压缩档案
-x:解压
-t:查看内容
-r:向压缩归档文件末尾追加文件
-u:更新原压缩包中的文件

这五个是独立的命令,压缩解压都要用到其中一个,可以和别的命令连用但只能用其中一个。下面的参数是根据需要在压缩或解压档案时可选的。

-z:有gzip属性的
-j:有bz2属性的
-Z:有compress属性的
-v:显示所有过程
-O:将文件解开到标准输出

下面的参数-f是必须的

-f: 使用档案名字,切记,这个参数是最后一个参数,后面只能接档案名。

# tar -cf all.tar *.jpg
这条命令是将所有.jpg的文件打成一个名为all.tar的包。-c是表示产生新的包,-f指定包的文件名。

# tar -rf all.tar *.gif
这条命令是将所有.gif的文件增加到all.tar的包里面去。-r是表示增加文件的意思。

# tar -uf all.tar logo.gif
这条命令是更新原来tar包all.tar中logo.gif文件,-u是表示更新文件的意思。

# tar -tf all.tar
这条命令是列出all.tar包中所有文件,-t是列出文件的意思

# tar -xf all.tar
这条命令是解出all.tar包中所有文件,-t是解开的意思

压缩

tar -cvf jpg.tar *.jpg //将目录里所有jpg文件打包成tar.jpg

tar -czf jpg.tar.gz *.jpg   //将目录里所有jpg文件打包成jpg.tar后,并且将其用gzip压缩,生成一个gzip压缩过的包,命名为jpg.tar.gz

tar -cjf jpg.tar.bz2 *.jpg //将目录里所有jpg文件打包成jpg.tar后,并且将其用bzip2压缩,生成一个bzip2压缩过的包,命名为jpg.tar.bz2

tar -cZf jpg.tar.Z *.jpg   //将目录里所有jpg文件打包成jpg.tar后,并且将其用compress压缩,生成一个umcompress压缩过的包,命名为jpg.tar.Z

rar a jpg.rar *.jpg //rar格式的压缩,需要先下载rar for linux

zip jpg.zip *.jpg //zip格式的压缩,需要先下载zip for linux

解压

tar -xvf file.tar //解压 tar包

tar -xzvf file.tar.gz //解压tar.gz

tar -xjvf file.tar.bz2   //解压 tar.bz2

tar -xZvf file.tar.Z   //解压tar.Z

unrar e file.rar //解压rar

unzip file.zip //解压zip

总结

1、*.tar 用 tar -xvf 解压

2、*.gz 用 gzip -d或者gunzip 解压

3、*.tar.gz和*.tgz 用 tar -xzf 解压

4、*.bz2 用 bzip2 -d或者用bunzip2 解压

5、*.tar.bz2用tar -xjf 解压

6、*.Z 用 uncompress 解压

7、*.tar.Z 用tar -xZf 解压

8、*.rar 用 unrar e解压

9、*.zip 用 unzip 解压

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